The innovative aspect of the concept is the unique combination of state-of-the-art mechanical, thermal and chemical processes, that are proven to work on industrial scale.
The sorting installation separates the recyclable and the non-recyclable plastics. The non-recyclable plastics are chemically converted to hydrocarbons using the P2C technology. The recyclable plastics are upgraded and sold on the market.
The chemical conversion process is fine-tuned to produce either Diesel, Petrol, Kerosene or Nafta (which can be used as raw material to produce new plastic). The main byproduct of this process is used as fuel to generate electricity for the facility.
The Renasci’s Smart Chain Processing facility is currently being built in Ostend Belgium. This flagship plant combines existing technologies in an innovative configuration that can process both RDF and mixed industrial plastic waste. Construction started in Q1 2019 and the plant is expected to be fully operational Q3 2020. In the next phase, we intend to expand the Smart Chain Processing (SCP) concept to additional locations by working together with local partners. The flexibility of SCP allows it to be configured to answer the local waste challenge, whether this is household waste, certain types of medical waste, textile, rubber tires, sludge etc…
The primary waste stream consists of RDF (Refuse derived fuel). Currently most RDF is being burned or dumped in landfills. In Ostend we intend to convert 102.000 tonnes of RDF and 18.000 tonnes of mixed plastics into reusable products.
The high-end sorting installation separates the recyclable and the non-recyclable waste stream. Each flow is sorted based on its own characteristics such as magnetism, mass, density etc. The recyclable waste stream is cleaned, upgraded and presented back on the market. The non-recyclable waste stream is converted into valuable end-products.
Ferro / non-ferro
The ferrous and non-ferrous metals are removed in the process and sold as valuable raw materials.
The sorting installation separates the recyclable and the non-recyclable plastics. The non-recyclable plastics are chemically upgraded to hydrocarbons using the P2C technology. The recyclable plastics are upgraded and sold on the market.
The good quality paper and cardboard are presented back on the market. The non-recyclable organic fraction is processed in the hydrothermal conversion (HTC) into hydro char pellets. The hydrothermal carbonization is recognized to be a treatment able to transform waste into a product.
The high calorific value makes it suitable to be used as a fuel substituting fossil fuels. Despite the input materials, the quality of the produced hydro char remains in a range of a lignite, with a caloric value from 20 to 24 MJ/KG. The byproduct of the process can be used as a soil conditioner.
The remaining fraction, that is too small to be sorted, is processed by physicochemical and catalytic conversion. After feeding the residual fraction to the reactor, the water is completely evaporated and inorganic particles are converted back to their clean, dry and inert constituents. The steam and heat are used to generate electricity which provides power to the facility.